Fazit

In der US-amerikanischen politischen Theorie werden traditionell neben der konzeptionellen, epistemologischen und methodischen Grundlagendebatte der Politikwissenschaft auch die Auseinandersetzungen um das politische und gesellschaftliche Selbstverstandnis der Disziplin ausgetragen und schließlich immer auch grundlegende politische Identitatsfragen der US-amerikanischen Gesellschaft insgesamt mit verhandelt. Zu den zentralen Themen, die vor diesem Hintergrund in der politischen Theorie in den USA diskutiert werden, geho¨ren die vor allem an John Rawls' Werk anknupfende Auseinandersetzung mit der politischen Philosophie des Liberalismus, die Beziehung zwischen politischem Liberalismus und Demokratie, die Beziehung zwischen normativen und analytischen bzw. „realistischen“ Perspektiven in der politischen Theorie, die Reflexion der neuen Herausforderungen nach dem 11. September 2001 und im Zuge der jungsten Finanzkrise sowie die Frage nach den Mo¨glichkeiten einer Globalisierung der politischen Theorie, etwa in Form einer globalen Gerechtigkeitstheorie oder einer „comparative political theory“. Die US-amerikanische politische Theorie bewegt sich dabei in einem grundsatzlichen Spannungsverhaltnis zwischen ihrer Verortung in globalen Deutungs-, Geltungs- und Wirkungshorizonten und ihrer Einbettung im spezifischen nationalen Selbstverstandnis der amerikanischen Demokratie.

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